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08 Feb 2019
By Tacoma

5 Important Facts About Tooth Enamel

Have you ever wondered what the strongest parts of your body are? Most of us perceive it to be our bones. However, did you know that your teeth possess something that is stronger than bones?

Our teeth are made up of various layers of tissues. Starting from the outermost, enamel, followed by dentin and pulp. Enamel is a mineral containing tissue and can withstand more pressure than we can imagine.

Healthy tooth enamel is the strongest substance your body can produce. So strong that the human bite can exert up to 200 pounds of pressure on its back teeth.

Here are some  facts you need to know about tooth enamel…

  • It is rich in minerals

Enamel is predominantly made up of calcium and phosphate minerals, which are tightly held in numerous lattice structures. It’s mineral content is higher than that present in our bones. This gives the enamel strength and resilience to bear heavy chewing and biting forces.

  • Enamel is formed only once

The tooth enamel is formed  during the early phase of life, while we are still embryos. Once the enamel is formed during these stages, it cannot be regrown. This is mainly because enamel does not have active or living cells. These cells are lost once the enamel is fully mature. Thus, utmost care should be taken to preserve the enamel.

  • Your teeth look pearly white…it is because of your enamel

Enamel, being white in color, forms the outermost layer of your teeth. If the enamel wears off or gets chipped off, the inner layer of dentin will become partially or completely visible. This results in making your teeth look yellowish in colour. So, enamel is necessary to keep your smile sparkly white.

  • Enamel loss can make your teeth super-sensitive

The layer of tooth material lying below the enamel is called dentin. Enamel lacks nerves sensation. However, the dentin has a rich supply of nerve ends, making it very sensitive to thermal changes around the tooth. Enamel can get chipped off, due to very heavy biting forces, or can get eroded due to acids. Once the enamel is lost, underlying dentin is exposed, which causes tooth sensitivity.

  • Your enamel can be lost due to various reasons

Our enamel is subjected to a lot of acidic exposure. As we eat our food, enzymes present in our saliva mix with our food and digestion begins. During this process, acids are created, which can lead to loss of minerals from the tooth enamel. Teeth can also be exposed to acid attacks from beverages like carbonated drinks, health drinks or stomach conditions like  gastro-oesophageal reflex disorder.

Are you interested in knowing the ways to Protect your Enamel? Here are some tips…

  • When you are having acidic drinks, make sure you have them with meals. This will reduce the frequency of acid exposure.
  • Rinse your mouth thoroughly with water right after you eat or drink something acidic.
  • Make sure you use a straw for fruit juices or sodas, without swishing them in the mouth. This will help the acid bypass the tooth enamel.
  • Go for sugar free gums. This will lower the amount of acid in your mouth.
  • If you have  a dry mouth, make sure to consume plenty of water during the day.
  • Try to finish your meals with a glass of milk or a piece of cheese. This will counteract the effect of acids.
  • Use toothpastes and mouthwash containing fluoride. This will maintain a positive mineral balance in your tooth enamel.
  • Opt for a soft bristled toothbrush, rather than a hard one.
  • Receive treatment for  your gastric disorders.
  • Lastly, get a regular dental check-up and maintain dental care to keep your teeth healthy.

If you are thinking of getting a treatment for tooth sensitivity or even a regular dental check-up, consult with the Tacoma Dental Group for a personalized experience, specific to your dental condition. Preserve your natural smile by availing the best dental solutions.

For more information on enamel wear and sensitivity problems, consult Dr. Ron Lo at (253)-383-1551 or at tacomadentalgroup@gmail.com 

You can also visit our website https://tacomadentalgroup.com/ for more information.